Posted October 25, 2018 07:04:51People with ADHD, or attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, are often more distracted and less attentive than people without the disorder, according to research published in the journal Attention.
The study examined how people with ADHD dealt with visual cues that could help them perform in their work, at school, and at home.
“Attentional blind spots are often not recognized until people with attentional deficits have an injury or condition, for example a stroke or a brain injury,” said lead author Shigeo Kitaoka, an assistant professor of psychology at the University of Tokyo.
“Our research suggests that people with high attentional focus, such as those with ADHD or those with attention deficit disorder, may have trouble seeing the same visual cues repeatedly over time, which may lead to missed opportunities for learning.”
Researchers say the study’s findings may help doctors identify people with ADD and ADHD.
They said people with the disorder may also be more sensitive to visual cues than others.
“People with attention deficits may have difficulty seeing the visual cues, which can result in missed opportunities to learn and improve,” said Kitao, a researcher at the Graduate Center of Technology.
The researchers analyzed information collected from more than 300,000 adults in Japan between the ages of 19 and 63, with ADHD diagnosed as having a score of 1 or higher.
They found that people who had ADHD scored higher on tasks that required attention and more attention was associated with higher scores on the attention task.
“We were surprised that people without ADHD had the same performance on attentional tasks as people with both ADHD and ADD,” Kitaaoka said.
“But people with either ADHD or ADD were also more attentive to the same cues, so the ability to recognize the cues in the environment may be related to attentional and attention deficit symptoms,” he said.
A second study published in Attention showed people with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder were more likely to report seeing things that did not belong in the same space as the person with ADHD.
The research was based on interviews with 3,906 participants between 18 and 80 years old, with attention problems defined as having one or more symptoms of attention deficit or hyperactivity.
The people with higher levels of attention and higher levels not being able to differentiate between the objects they were trying to look at were more often reported as having an attention deficit than the people with lower levels of ADHD or attention deficits.
The studies showed that attention deficits and high levels of low attention could have negative consequences for people with chronic illnesses, such ADHD and other disorders.
Researchers say there is no cure for Attention Deficits and there is some hope that medications may help people with these conditions.
“It is important to emphasize that the focus on attention and attention deficits is not the only source of impairment in the human brain,” said study co-author Yutaka Fujimori, a postdoctoral researcher in the department of psychology and neuroscience at the Kyoto University of Science and Technology in Japan.
“Some of the research shows that attention can improve our ability to focus on tasks.
But, it may be a more useful approach to consider attention deficit as an underlying problem,” Fujimor said.
The findings were published in Science Translational Medicine.